Inadequate lighting, a broken curb, or damaged gates in a parking lot can be sources of liability for your organization. Use this checklist to inspect your parking lot and help identify potential hazards. The frequency of your inspections will depend not only on your findings and the types of repairs needed, but also on usage, condition, weather, and nearby hazards.
- Entrance and exit features are compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA).
- Entrances and exits are well-maintained, free of obstacles, and compliant with National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) life safety code requirements for emergency exits.
- Tire deflation devices (spike strips) are well-maintained and well-marked.
- Foliage and signs don’t impede driver vision or create hiding places for intruders.
- Entrance gates are tested and in safe working condition. Automatic closing gates have working warning signs and safety sensors.
- Gate-closure safety shutoffs are tested frequently and in good working condition.
- Guard shacks or entry protections are in good working condition and well-lit.
- Good housekeeping is maintained throughout the lot, including nearby benches, pavilions, plant basins, and trash receptacles.
- Fire and traffic lanes are kept clear of cars and obstacles.
- Shopping basket corrals are clearly marked, well-maintained, and easy to access. Snow and ice are removed frequently and as necessary.
- Storm water drain covers and grates display high-visibility paint, are flush with surrounding pavement, and do not pose trip or fall hazards.
- Parking lot and perimeter lights are in good condition and turn on at dusk. Lights and timers are checked frequently.
- All areas of the parking lot, including walks and building perimeter, are well-lit, including during evening hours.
- Lights over steps and stairs are working and in good condition.
- Parking blocks are anchored to the pavement, maintained properly, and clearly marked with high-visibility paint, preferably “safety yellow.”
- All parking lot striping, pedestrian crosswalks, traffic directions, and curb warnings are easily visible and well-maintained, even in inclement weather.
- Curb cuts, wheelchair ramps, and shopping cart ramps are clearly marked, and thresholds provide a clean transition between surfaces and elevations.
- Stanchions, light posts, and other uprights are clearly marked with high-visibility paint.
- Traffic signage is well-placed, in good repair, stable, and does not pose a hazard to the public.
- Special areas (e.g., pick-up/delivery zones, access routes) are designated by lines or directional arrows that are well-marked and prominent.
- Signs, utility poles, meters, power transformers, and fire hydrants are well-marked and protected.
- There are no potholes or cracked paving in the parking lot or sidewalks. Boundary and traffic flow markings are provided where needed.
- Guardrails, fences, and handrails are structurally sound and well-maintained. .
- Stairs are kept clean and in good repair and have nonslip surfaces.
- Steps at building entrances and exits are kept free of slip-and-fall hazards such as snow, ice, grease, and water.
- Snow removal at entrances, exits, and sidewalks is completed before building occupants and guests arrive and then performed as conditions warrant.
- Snowplowing is performed as conditions warrant. Verify that contracts and insurance agreements are in place and approved by your legal counsel before work begins.